心理科学 2017, 40(6) 1405-1411 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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本文关键词相关文章
内隐追随理论
积极追随原型
积极追随特质
辱虐管理
本文作者相关文章
祝振兵
曹元坤
彭坚
PubMed
Article by Chu,Z.B
Article by Cao,Y.K
Article by Peng,j
积极追随原型-特质匹配对辱虐管理的影响——基于多项式回归与响应面分析的探索
祝振兵1,曹元坤2,彭坚3
1. 江西理工大学
2. 江西财经大学
3. 广州大学
摘要: 鉴于辱虐管理对组织及其成员的破坏性影响,大量学者呼吁探索辱虐管理的影响因素。响应这些研究呼吁,本文从内隐追随理论的视角,探索了领导者的积极追随原型 (PFP)与追随者的积极追随特质 (PFT)之间的匹配程度如何影响辱虐管理。对两时间点的194份上下级配对数据进行多项式回归和响应面分析,结果显示:(1) 相较于非匹配情形,领导者在“PFP—PFT匹配”情形下更少辱虐追随者; (2) 与“PFP低—PFT低”相比,“PFP高—PFT高”情形下辱虐管理程度更低;(3) 在非匹配情况下,与“PFP高—PFT低”相比,领导者在 “PFP低—PFT高”时对追随者有更少的辱虐管理。以上结论能够为组织成员预防或减少辱虐管理提供理论指导。
关键词内隐追随理论   积极追随原型   积极追随特质   辱虐管理  
The Effect of the Congruence between Positive Followership Prototype and Positive Followership Traits on Abusive Supervision
Abstract: Abstract Abusive supervision refers to a set of actions in which supervisors engage in the sustained display of hostile verbal and nonverbal behaviors, excluding physical contact. Due to it’s destructive effect on organizations and their members,researchers’ attention has more recently turn to understanding the predictors of abusive supervision so that organizations can devise ways to prevent it. Despite a growing set of studies has enhanced our understanding of the antecedents to abusive supervision, there are very few studies that examine whether leaders’ cognition might evoke abusive supervision. In recent years, the implicit followership theories, which are cognitive categories that reflect the conceptions that leaders have about the traits and behaviors of followers, draws a new perspective to explore the antecedents of abusive supervision.The integral elements of the cognitive categories are prototypes, which are abstract mental representations for followership. According to the valence of a prototype, followership prototypes can be classified into two dimensions: the positive followership prototype (PFP) and the negative followership prototype. PFP is composed of the assumed traits characterizing effective or good followers, such as enthusiasm,industriousness, and good citizenship. To date, the majority of scholars concentrated on leaders’ PFP and found that leaders’ PFP were associated with followers’ performance, job attitude, and leader empowering behavior. In this paper, we also plan to focus on leaders’ PFP. According to the implicit followership theories,PFP can be activated unconsciously and compared with a follower' explicit followership traits(PFT) in the process of the leader and follower interaction. And then the leader use different ways to deal with the follower in accordance with the result of the comparison. Drawing on such arguments, what we pursue is to explore the effect of the congruence/fit between a leader’s PFP and follower’s PFT (PFP-PFT congruence) on abusive supervision. Based on a sample of 194 leader-follower dyads, and using polynomial regression with the response surface analysis, it showed that: (1) The more agreement (i.e., higher congruence) between a leader’s PFP and follower’s PFT, the lower the abusive supervision; (2) In the cases of congruence, abusive supervision was lower when leader PFP and follower PFT were both high instead of being both low; (3)in the cases of incongruence, lower abusive supervision was found when a leader’ s PFP was lower than follower’s as compared with when a leader’s PFP was higher. This study, like virtually all studies, is not without its limitations. First, we explain the impact of PFP-PFT congruence on abusive supervision in detail, however, using a correlational model constrains our findings about causality. Thus, future research should examine the causal impact, for example, studies could experimentally induce PFT and assess the effect of PFP-PFT congruence on abusive supervision. Second, Although PFP was composed of three dimensions, we only explore the overall effect of PFP-PFT congruence on abusive supervision. Whether each dimension has the same effects? Dimensional analyses may deepen our understanding on such question. Third, the study probes only into the direct effect of PFP-PFT congruence on abusive supervision, whereas the mechanism is not discussed. We suggest the mediating role of leader-member exchange can be examined in future studies.
Keywords: implicit followership theory   positive followership prototype   positive followership traits   abusive supervision  
DOI:
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通讯作者: 祝振兵
作者简介:
作者Email: psychzhu@126.com

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1.彭坚 王霄.追随力认知图式:概念解析与整合模型[J]. 心理科学, 2015,(4): 822-827

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