心理科学 2018, (2) 423-429 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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本文关键词相关文章
吸烟者
吸烟利弊权衡
未来取向
戒烟意愿
戒烟计划
本文作者相关文章
陈海德
曹柠梦
高崚峰
李伟健
李新宇
PubMed
Article by Chen,H.D
Article by Cao,N.M
Article by Gao,L.F
Article by Li,W.J
Article by Li,X.Y
吸烟利弊权衡对戒烟计划的预测作用:一个有调节的中介模型
陈海德1,曹柠梦1,高崚峰1,李伟健2,李新宇1
1. 浙江师范大学
2. 浙江师范大学教务处
摘要: 考察吸烟利弊权衡对戒烟计划的预测,以及戒烟意愿的中介作用和未来取向的调节作用。对340名吸烟者进行问卷调查结果的统计分析发现:(1)吸烟利弊权衡显著正向预测戒烟计划;(2)戒烟意愿对吸烟利弊权衡和戒烟计划的关系起完全中介作用;(3)未来取向负向调节吸烟利弊权衡和戒烟计划的关系,但对吸烟利弊权衡和戒烟意愿关系的调节不显著。这些结果说明,吸烟者戒烟计划发展经历前决策和前行动阶段,且该过程受未来取向的调节。
关键词吸烟者   吸烟利弊权衡   未来取向   戒烟意愿   戒烟计划  
The Predictive Relations between Decisional Balance of Smoking and Action Planning to Quit: A Moderated Mediation Model
Abstract: The number of smoker in China is still large while most of them are unlikely to quit smoking. It has indicated that the action planning to quit smoking is significantly predicted by perceived risk of smoking. In fact, perceived pros and cons of smoking are coexistent for smokers. It is unknown about the relationship between decisional balance of smoking and action planning to quit smoking. Additionally, the dynamic process of smoking cessation from motivation to action often have multiple stages. The Rubicon model differentiates the process into four stages: predecisional phase, preactional phase, actional phase, and postactional phase. The conceptualization of two different mindsets that correspond to the predecisional phase and preactional phase are deliberative and implemental respectively. Accordingly, the smokers might weigh the pros and cons of smoking, which increasing willingness to quit (i.e., predecisional phase), and then make plan to quit (i.e., preactional phase). Moreover, future orientation which refers to the process that individuals think and plan for the future, plays an active role in substance abuse and healthy behavior. Given these, the present study aimed to investigate the prediction of decisional balance of smoking to action planning to quit smoking among smokers and the mediated role of willingness to quit, also to investigate moderated role of future orientation on the predictive relation between decisional balance of smoking and willingness to quit as well as relation between decisional balance of smoking and action planning to quit. Questionnaires were used to test hypotheses and a total of 340 current daily smokers participated in the present study. The questionnaires included the Decisional Balance Scale, Scale of Consideration of Future Consequences, and Willingness to Quit Smoking Questionnaire, Plan to Quit Smoking Questionnaire. The mediation and moderation analyses were conducted by using PROCESS macro for SPSS. The results indicated that: (1) The decisional balance of smoking significantly and positively predicted action planning to quit smoking among smokers. (2) The relationship between the decisional balance of smoking and action planning to quit smoking was mediated by willingness to quit smoking. Willingness to quit smoking, which was positively and significantly predicted by decisional balance of smoking, positively associated with action planning to quit smoking. (3) The moderated effect of future orientation on the relationship between the decisional balance of smoking and action planning to quit was marginally significant. For the smokers with lower level of future orientation, the decisional balance of smoking positively predict quitting plan; while for the smokers with higher level of future orientation, the relationship between them was insignificant. (4) The moderated effect of future orientation on the relationship between the decisional balance of smoking and willingness to quit was not significant. These findings were indicated that smokers experienced the predecisional phase and preactional phase from making decision to planning to quit smoking. It is critical transition point for action to quitting smoking. Meanwhile, the dynamic process of planning to quit smoking was moderated by future orientation. Further studies should use multiple methods and construct diverse models to explore the underlying mechanism of process of quit smoking.
Keywords: smokers   decisional balance of smoking   future orientation   willingness to quit smoking   action planning to quit smoking  
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通讯作者: 陈海德
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作者Email: chenhaide351@126.com

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