心理科学 2018, (3) 520-525 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

本期目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索                                                            [打印本页]   [关闭]
基础、实验与工效
扩展功能
本文信息
Supporting info
PDF(0KB)
[HTML全文]
参考文献[PDF]
参考文献
服务与反馈
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
引用本文
Email Alert
文章反馈
浏览反馈信息
本文关键词相关文章
表象
知觉
记忆
表征
认知过程
本文作者相关文章
李筱梅
李海峰
PubMed
Article by Li,X.M
Article by Li,H.F
从表征和认知过程上看表象与知觉、记忆的关系
李筱梅1,李海峰2
1. 福建师范大学心理学院
2. 福建师范大学教育学院
摘要: 表象、知觉和记忆是一个整合的认知系统。由于知觉和记忆提供了表象生成的材料,因而三者共享相似的表征,并激活广泛而相似的脑区。然而在认知加工过程上三者存在一定的差异。与知觉相比,表象的编码方式更抽象、更依赖过去经验的参与且处理细节能力更弱;与记忆相比,表象更容易受无关信息的干扰。未来对三者关系的研究应关注不同来源和不同类型的表象与知觉、记忆之间的关系,以及工作记忆在三者关系中所起的作用。
关键词表象   知觉   记忆   表征   认知过程  
The Relationships between Mental Imagery, Perception and Memory from the Perspectives of Representation and Cognitive Process
Abstract: Mental imagery refers to a perception-like representation that formed in the brain when things are not in sight. Currently, a part of studies which investigate the relationship between mental imagery, perception and memory have indicated that mental imagery, perception and memory can activate a strikingly overlapping brain regions, which shows that they may share the similar representation. But others have discovered that there are certain differences between them, especially in the cognitive process. To provide valuable suggestions for further research, this review discusses the relationship among mental imagery, perception and memory from the perspectives of representation and cognitive process. Firstly, mental imagery, perception and memory share similar representation. On the one hand, information acquires from perception contributes to form the mental imagery. On the other hand, prior experience retrieved from long-term memory is a source of mental imagery. Perception processes external information as a form of representation, and information retrieved from long-term memory is temporarily stored in the working memory as a form of representation. Therefore, the generation of mental imagery relies on processing of representation. This viewpoint has supported by some behavioral experiments. For example, participants scanned the appointed targets at the same rate in both mental imagery task and perceptual task, the eye movement patterns of the fixation had no significant difference between these tasks; mental imagery task and working memory task could be disturbed by the same type of interference, such as structured dynamic visual noise or background luminance variation. Evidences from cognitive neurosciences also have revealed that mental imagery, perception and memory tasks from the same sensory modality can activate a wide range of same brain regions. For instance, visual mental imagery, visual perception and visual memory can activate some regions of the primary sensory cortex, parietal lobe, occipital and frontal cortex. These results confirm that they share similar representation. Secondly, there are still some differences between mental imagery, perception and memory from the perspective of cognitive process. Mental imagery encodes information in a more abstract way, relies more on the prior experience and has weaker ability to deal with the details than perception. While compared with short-term memory, mental imagery is more susceptible to the single-pulse TMS in the early stage of formation. In addition, it relies less on the hippocampus than long-term memory. In summary, mental imagery, perception and memory can be regarded as an integrated, interrelated and interactional cognitive system. The information obtained from perception and memory can affect the generation of mental imagery. Besides, after it is formed, mental imagery can serve not only as a priming cue to guide attention toward the represented object and to promote the perception of that object, but also as a memory cue to help people recall imagery-related information, or to interfere with the memory retrieval phase, which results in false memory or distortion of traumatic events. Further studies should pay more attention to the relationship between mental imagery and the top-down processing of perception. Simultaneously, to solve the inconsistent results of the relationship between mental imagery and working memory, different types (e.g., objective, spatial, or verbal) and different sources (perception or memory) of mental imagery and working memory tasks should be well-designed. Besides, how large is the capacity of mental imagery? And how perception and memory affect the mental imagery capacity? What’s the mechanism of the interconnection between mental imagery, perception and memory? Does working memory play a mediating role in this interrelation? Explorations on these questions will clarify the relationship among mental imagery, perception, and memory.
Keywords: Mental imagery   Perception   Memory   Representation   Cognitive process  
DOI:
基金项目:

通讯作者: 李海峰
作者简介:
作者Email: haifeng.li@fjnu.edu.cn

参考文献:
本刊中的类似文章
1.辛自强 刘国芳.非符号分数与整数计算能力的发展及其与数字记忆的关系[J]. 心理科学, 2011,34(3): 520-526
2.潘玲 白学军.靶目标预曝光对基于事件前瞻记忆的影响[J]. 心理科学, 2011,34(3): 538-545
3.周临 邓铸 陈庆荣.反向眼跳的实验范式、机制及影响因素[J]. 心理科学, 2012,35(1): 16-23
4.杨文静 刘培朵 杨金华 肖宵 张庆林.负性情绪材料的定向遗忘及心理机制[J]. 心理科学, 2012,35(1): 50-55
5.王磊 伍麟.人机互动中的任务中断:新环境中的新问题[J]. 心理科学, 2012,35(1): 88-92
6.吕慧超 张庆林 范丰慧.大学生心中父亲形象的结构分析[J]. 心理科学, 2012,35(1): 117-122
7.林琳琳 秦金亮.5-9岁儿童自传记忆与自我概念的发展及其关系[J]. 心理科学, 2012,35(1): 135-141
8.林贤浩 林世泽 郑金炽 林泽涯 林辉.精神分裂症患者的记忆损害[J]. 心理科学, 2012,35(2): 477-480
9.马书采 肖祝祝 周爱保 杨晓莉 向玲.回避性依恋和注意偏向:刺激普遍性与刺激特定性[J]. 心理科学, 2011,34(6): 1313-1319
10.彭彦琴.平面性诉求广告记忆效果的加工分离研究[J]. 心理科学, 2011,34(6): 1308-1312

Copyright by 心理科学