心理科学 2018, (3) 594-600 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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本文关键词相关文章
调节聚焦
心理复原力
元情绪
应对方式
本文作者相关文章
蔡雪斌
桂守才
Tang yiqi
王心怡
童张梦子
PubMed
Article by Sa,X.B
Article by Gui,S.C
Article by
Article by Yu,X.Y
Article by Zhong,Z.M.Z
青少年调节聚焦对心理复原力的影响:元情绪和应对方式的链式中介
蔡雪斌1,桂守才2,Tang yiqi3,王心怡4,童张梦子4
1. 扬州大学
2. 北京师范大学
3. University of Manchester
4. 安徽师范大学
摘要: 研究旨在考察应对方式、元情绪在不同类型调节聚焦与心理复原力关系中的中介效应。使用简易应对方式量表、调节聚焦量表、特质性元情绪量表和心理复原力量表对随机抽取的安徽省四所初高中899名青少年进行调查。结果发现:(1)调节聚焦、应对方式和元情绪能显著预测心理复原力。(2)促进聚焦不仅能够直接正向预测心理复原力,还能够通过元情绪、积极应对以及消极应对间接预测心理复原力。(3)防御聚焦能够通过消极应对、元情绪以及积极应对间接预测心理复原力。本研究结果显示,元情绪与应对方式能够解释青少年调节聚焦与心理复原力关系的内在机制。
关键词调节聚焦   心理复原力   元情绪   应对方式  
The Impact of Regulatory Focus on Resilience of Adolescents: The Chain Mediating Effect of Meta-mood and Coping Style
Abstract: As an important ability allowing individuals recover quickly after a traumatic experience or adapt adversity well, resilience is defined to be correlated with life satisfaction, mental health and happiness. Previous studies showed that individuals’ self-regulatory abilities could influence the development of resilience, especially among the adolescents. Beyond the hedonic principle, in the field of self-regulatory research, Higgins’s regulatory focus theory (RFT) further listed two different regulatory inclinations, the promotion regulatory focus which is related with development and improvement and the prevention regulatory focus which is related with protection and security. And it is also presents the true nature motivation of people approach and avoid pain (Higgins, 1998). Some studies found that the kind of approach strategy is helpful for the resilience enhancing (Villasana, Alonso-Tapia, & Ruiz, 2016; Thompson, Mcbride, Hosford, & Halaas, 2016), but the avoidant strategy can also improve the psychological adaptation of people, such as avoiding or depressing emotion (Coifman, Bonanno, Ray, & Gross, 2007). The strategy that individuals adopt when people faced with the stress will reflects the desired end-state that individuals pursue. No matter whether the desired end-state is striving for accomplishment and aspiration or safety and responsibilities, the strategy that people adopted would influence the result of circumstance adaptation and the training of coping capacity. Considering the other two protective factors of meta-mood and coping style, the purpose of this research is to explore the relationship between regulatory focus and the resilience of adolescents as well as the chain mediation mechanism of meta-emotion and coping style. A total number of 899 volunteers (411 males and 488 females; mean age =15.11 years, SD=1.36) in four different middle schools of Anhui Province were recruited for this research. They were asked to complete the questionnaires of Regulatory Focus Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, respectively. The correlation analysis among the variables was processed by SPSS?18.0 software, following which a mediation analysis, based on bias-corrected bootstrap method by structural equation modeling (SEM) using Mplus? 7.0, was operated. The research indicates that (1) Adolescents in this study score higher than average in regardless of promotion focus, prevention focus, meta-mood, positive reaction or resilience. Meta-mood values of adolescents vary prominently among different genders. And males achieve higher scores in Meta-mood values than females do. Also, for middle and high school students, research reveal significant differences in meta-mood and resilience levels of them. High school students achieve superior evaluation than those from middle schools. (2) Adolescents’ regulatory focus, meta-mood and coping style are significantly and positively associated with their resilience. The meta-mood of adolescents has a significantly positive correlation with their coping style and resilience. And the correlation between promotion focus and negative coping style is not significant in this study. (3) The promotion regulatory focus of adolescents has a notably positive impact on resilience directly and also a positive impact through meta-mood and positive coping style indirectly, whereas a negative impact on resilience through meta-mood and negative coping style. (4) The prevention regulatory focus of adolescents has a positive impact on adolescents’ resilience indirectly through meta-mood and positive coping style, whereas a negative impact on resilience through meta-mood and negative coping style indirectly. The study drew the following main conclusion that meta-mood and coping style have a chain mediating effect between regulatory focus and resilience of adolescents.
Keywords: regulatory focus   resilience   meta-mood   coping style  
DOI:
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通讯作者: 桂守才
作者简介:
作者Email: anuscgui@sina.cn

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