心理科学 2018, (3) 579-585 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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本文关键词相关文章
青少年早期,同伴侵害,同伴拒绝,抑郁,交叉滞后分析
本文作者相关文章
纪林芹
潘斌
王春燕
娄萍
陈亮
张文新
PubMed
Article by Ji,L.Q
Article by Pan,b
Article by Yu,C.Y
Article by Lv,p
Article by Chen,l
Article by Zhang,W.X
青少年早期同伴拒绝、同伴侵害与抑郁的关系:交叉滞后分析
纪林芹1,潘斌1,王春燕1,娄萍1,陈亮1,张文新2
1. 山东师范大学
2. 山东师范大学心理学院
摘要: 采用间隔1年的追踪设计,使用结构方程建模对1068名青少年早期个体的同伴拒绝、同伴侵害与抑郁间的关系进行交叉滞后分析。结果发现,(1)在不同时间点上,同伴拒绝、同伴侵害和青少年抑郁之间存在显著正相关;(2)先前的抑郁水平对随后个体遭受的身体侵害和关系侵害均有显著预测作用,而先前的同伴侵害不能显著预测随后青少年的抑郁水平。抑郁对同伴拒绝、以及同伴拒绝对抑郁的预测作用均不显著。(3)同伴拒绝、同伴侵害与抑郁间的关系具有跨性别的一致性。这表明,青少年早期同伴侵害和抑郁间存在单向预测关系,抑郁导致同伴侵害。
关键词青少年早期,同伴侵害,同伴拒绝,抑郁,交叉滞后分析  
Relationship between Peer Rejection, Peer Victimization and Depression in Early Adolescence: A Cross-lagged Analysis
Abstract: Depression is a commonly mental illness characterized by persistent sad feelings, and is one of the key indicators of internalizing behavior. Most depressive symptoms have their onset in early adolescence, increase and peak in adolescence, and persist to adulthood, which increase the risk of major depressive disorder in adulthood. According to interpersonal risk model, poor peer relationship, including peer rejection and victimization, may contribute to problematic outcomes, such as depressive symptoms. Previous studies revealed that peer rejection had positive associations with depression and related problem behavior, such as loneliness, anxiety, social withdraw, low self-concept, low self-esteem, and so forth. Victimization also had long-term or short-term effect to adolescents’ depression. However, some resent studies failed to support the links between poor peer relations and later depression. Another theory—symptoms-driven model argued that depressive symptoms antecede the development of poor peer relations. The symptoms-driven model was also supported by several recent longitudinal studies. However, most study in this area focus on the detrimental effect of peer relationship to depression, less is known about the effect of depression to peer relationship. Peer rejection and victimization is two co-occurring but different forms of negative peer experience, and highly correlated to each other. Besides, peer victimization can be physical or relational in nature. Precious studies have identified the differential nature of relational versus physical victimization. Relational victimization is more strongly related to depression and internalizing problems than physical victimization. Therefore, it is important to include these three subtypes of negative peer relationship in the statistical models simultaneously to estimate their unique effect, when investigating associations between peer relationship and adolescents’ depression. In summary, the present study was to test the reciprocal associations between three aspects of negative peer relationship (peer rejection, physical and relational victimization) and development of depression. Our model was tested in a large sample of adolescents at 2 waves over the course of 1 year. 1068 adolescents (568 males, mean age 13.22±0.36 years old at wave 1) from 5 middle schools, were investigated. Peer rejection was obtained through peer nomination procedure. Physical and relational victimization were assessed through physical and relational subscales in Multidimensional Peer Victimization scale. The Children’s Depression Inventory-Short Version was administrated to measure depression. All of the measures showed good reliability. The cross-lagged model revealed that (1) significant correlations existed between adolescents’ depression, peer rejection, physical and relational victimization at each waves; (2) adolescents’ depression at time1 predicted later physical and relational victimization, but not peer rejection, and both peer rejection and victimization at wave 1 failed to predict later depression; (3) and there was no gender differences in associations between three types of peer relationship and depression. The results in current study supported symptoms-driven model. That is there was unidirectional association between victimization and depression in early adolescence, and adolescents’ depression led later peer victimization. The results deepen our understanding of peer relationship and depression. The moderating factor in relation between peer relationship and subsequent depression and the mechanism through which depression leads to subsequent peer relationship in adolescence is an important direction for future research. Key Words: early adolescence, peer victimization, peer rejection, depression, cross-lagged analysis
Keywords: early adolescence, peer victimization, peer rejection, depression, cross-lagged analysis  
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通讯作者: 张文新
作者简介:
作者Email: zhangwenxin@sdnu.edu.cn

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