心理科学 2018, (3) 621-626 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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本文关键词相关文章
绿色消费
环保意识
产品环境怀疑
时间距离
本文作者相关文章
王财玉
吴波
PubMed
Article by Yu,C.Y
Article by Wu,b
时间参照对绿色消费的影响:环保意识和产品环境怀疑的调节作用
王财玉1,吴波2
1. 信阳师范学院心理学系
2. 天津财经大学
摘要: 绿色消费虽然受到越来越多的关注,但消费者的绿色承诺很难转化为实际的购买行为,出现了消费者的不作为现象。本研究试图探讨时间参照对消费者不作为的影响以及环保意识是否能够有效抑制这种不作为。研究发现,消费者在近期情境下对绿色产品的购买意愿低于远期,出现了绿色消费不作为现象,即个体更倾向于在将来而不是现在购买绿色产品。尤为重要的是,环保意识对消费者不作为的弱化作用受制于个体的产品环境怀疑:产品坏境怀疑较低时环保意识的弱化作用明显,而产品环境怀疑较高时环保意识的弱化作用则不存在。
关键词绿色消费   环保意识   产品环境怀疑   时间距离  
Environmental Awareness Could Buffer Consumers, Inaction?The Moderation of Skepticism toward Environmental Claims
Abstract: In the face of serious environmental problems and strict environmental regulations, more and more enterprises begin to implement green innovation strategy. But the market shares of green innovative products have not increased significantly over the past decade. Hence, it becomes the responsibility to explore the psychological barriers to buy green products. Despite embracing the values of ethical consumerism, most consumers rarely support their beliefs at the check-out counter, which is considered to be the attitude–behavior gap. This study shed light on the attitude–behavior gap of ethical consumers from the perspective of time reference. Time reference had a positive predictive effect on the purchase intention of green products (B=0.54, SE=0.22, t=2.43, p=0.02), which meant individuals tended to buy green products in the future rather than now. On the basis of the above study, we will explore whether environmental awareness as a buffer effect was not regulated by skepticism toward environmental claims. In this study, the two groups were assigned to 0.5 and -0.5, after centering environmental awareness and skepticism toward environmental claims, we got dual interaction (time reference×environmental awareness, time reference×skepticism toward environmental claims, environmental awareness×skepticism toward environmental claims) and three interaction (time reference×environmental awareness×skepticism toward environmental claims). The whole model was extremely significant (R2=0.29, F=7.57, p<0.001). The main effect of time reference was not significant(B=0.33, SE=0.20, t=1.61, p>0.05).The main effect of environmental awareness was significant(B=0.44, SE=0.12, t=3.60, p<0.001), the main effect of skepticism toward environmental claims(B=-0.49, SE=0.12, t=-4, 24, p<0.001);All the dual interaction was not significant, triple interaction was significant (B=0.45, SE=0.23, t=2.00, p=0.04), the explanatory power of the three interactionsΔR2=0.02, p=0.04. The analysis of the interaction between environmental awareness and time reference when skepticism toward environmental claims was low. We found that the interaction between environmental awareness and time reference was significant(B=-0.81, SE=0.33, t=-2.46,p=0.02), which meant that environmental awareness could buffer the effect of time reference of green consumption. Specifically, for the subjects with low awareness of environmental protection, the time reference had positive predictive effect on the purchase intention of green products (B=1.21, SE=0.46, t=2.61, p=0.01, but for the subjects with high awareness of environmental protection the time reference had not significant predictive effect (B=-0.14, SE=0.38, t=-0.37, p>0.05). The analysis of the interaction between environmental awareness and time reference when skepticism toward environmental claims was high. We found that the interaction between environmental awareness and time reference was not significant (B=0.19, SE=0.37, t=0.51, p>0.05), which meant that environmental awareness could not buffer the effect of construal level of green innovation consumption. Conclusion: Time reference had positive predictive effect on the purchase intention of green products, which meant individuals tended to buy green products in the future rather than now. Importantly, skepticism could moderate the buffer effect of environmental awareness. In high level skepticism, environmental awareness could buffer the effect of construal level of green innovation consumption, but in low level skepticism environmental awareness couldn’t buffer the effect.
Keywords: green consumption   environmental awareness   skepticism toward environmental claims   temporal distance  
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通讯作者: 王财玉
作者简介:
作者Email: wangcaiyu80@163.com

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