心理科学 2018, (3) 694-699 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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本文关键词相关文章
风险偏好
代际传递
元理论
本文作者相关文章
王琳
伍麟
PubMed
Article by Yu,l
Article by Wu,l
风险偏好可以代际传递吗? ——来自多学科的证据与元理论思考
王琳,伍麟
武汉大学社会学系
摘要: 心理学、行为与实验经济学、经济社会学等多学科研究逐步证明了风险偏好的内生性、异质性以及动态性。在探讨经济地位、态度、决策行为等代际传递时,上述学科高度关注和利用风险偏好的上述属性,并证明了风险偏好代际传递的有限存在。通过对于风险偏好代际传递内涵、外延、机制和内容等方面的考察和深化,风险偏好的研究表现出从横向到纵向、从因变量到自变量的转向,同时风险偏好代际传递的具体机制和内容也取得了一些重要研究成果。不过在研究数量、研究框架、研究方法与内容等方面,风险偏好代际传递还存在一定局限,有待后续研究充实完善。
关键词风险偏好   代际传递   元理论  
Can Risk preferences Transmit in an Intergenerational Manner? —Multidisciplinary Evidence and Meta-theoretical Thinking
Abstract: Risk preferences as a kind of stable psychological tendency to deal with the risk of individual, the endogeneity, heterogeneity and dynamic of risk preferences are gradually proved by multidisciplinary studies such as psychology, behavioral and experimental economics, and economic sociology. When discussing the intergenerational transmission of economic status and attitude, economists pay great attention to the above attributes and use them to deduce, expand, and prove the limited existence of the intergenerational transmission of risk preferences. Some important research results have created new research ideas and perspectives, a research framework and approach are basically set up, thus enabling the risk preferences study to shift from the horizontal perspective to the vertical perspective, from the dependent variable to the independent variable. The Specific performance as the connotation of intergenerational transmission of risk preferences changes from general risk to specific risk, extension extends from self-reported risk to real behavior risk, the specific mechanism of intergenerational transmission gradually deepens the concentration, and the joint research of other preferences intergenerational transmission gradually concerned. At present, there are still a limited number of research results, weak theoretical framework, different sources of data, lack of representation, more concentrated research, relatively single. And these limitations for the follow-up study to reserve a lot of space. In the future, people can continue to deepen and rich the theoretical connotation and framework mechanism of intergenerational transmission of risk preferences, improve and perfect the research paradigm and method of intergenerational transmission of risk preferences, expand the research content and practice of intergenerational transmission of risk preferences, open on and innovate perspective and thinking of intergenerational transmission of risk preferences. Thus enriching the whole research framework and content system of "risk preference" and "intergenerational transmission" in theory, and providing new vision and path for understand and respond to the wealth and income inequality, education, poverty and other major social issues in practice.
Keywords: risk preferences   intergenerational transmission   meta - theory  
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通讯作者: 伍麟
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作者Email: 2264831596@qq.com

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