Psychological Science 2017, 40(6) 1359-1364 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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Keywords
decision tree
C4.5 algorithm
college students
affective diatheses
Authors
MU Lian-Fen
LV Jia-Mei
WU Hai-Shou
HUANG Ji-Feng
CHEN Nian-Qu
PubMed
Article by Mu,L.F
Article by Lv,J.M
Article by Wu,H.S
Article by Huang,J.F
Article by Chen,N.Q

Application of Decision Tree to Explore the Interrelations of Affective Diatheses in Contemporary College Students

Abstract

Affective diathesis refers to the individual’s emotional psychological quality. The college students’ affective diathesis questionnaire has six sub-questionnaires including thirty-three different kinds of affects. A large-scale investigation on the affective diathesis was administered to 11982 college students involving 100 colleges and universities of 14 major cities. With the purpose of more convenient, in-depth understanding of the affective diathesis of college students, this paper uses the decision tree algorithm to predict the affective diathesis of college students and their subordinate affections based on the research above. Decision tree is a supervised classification algorithm for data classification in the field of data mining. Through the approach of creating a classification function or classification model by learning the sample set, the function or classification model can map data records to one category, which can be used for the prediction of data classification. The decision tree consists of decision nodes (also called root nodes), branches (approach decision), and leaves (finally result), making themselves into a tree structure, which represents the final classification result (each approach represent one kind of result). In present study, each node in the tree represents a property of the analysis object such as moral affectivity, self-improvement affectivity and so on. Moreover, each branch represents a possible value for this attribute. Therefore, the approach from the root node to the leaf node corresponds to a reasonable rule. These rules are usually described in the form of If-then. The combination of the attribute and the value of attribute formed along the path from the root node of the decision tree constitutes the part represents “if”, then the category marked by the leaf node forms the “then” part of the rule, which draw the conclusion of the rule. The specific affectivity and various affectivities based on the score it has got is divided into five grades, which from bad to good is "worse", "poor", "general", "good", "excellent". Actually, the data set is divided into a sample set and a test set, and the software called Weka can generate a decision tree model by using the sample set as a data source to analyze the relationship between attributes. At the same time Weka uses the test set to evaluate that whether the generated decision tree is suitable for the fact that the result of classification matches the expected. This paper established the decision tree model for affective diathesis, including moral affectivity, life affectivity and affective intelligence respectively. The results showed: (1) Decision tree can effectively predict the affective diathesis of college students as well as their subordinate affectivity, and could achieve a better classification effect than that before. (2) According to the extraction rule of attribute importance, the moral affectivity has the greatest influence on the affective diathesis than the other, and the life affectivity follows; The responsibility affectivity has a quite impact on moral affectivity to some degree; Self-improvement affectivity has a stronger influence on the emotional affectivity than many other affectivity; Finally, The capability of understanding others’ affectivity has a quite impact on affective intelligence. In short, for college students, to cultivate their affective diathesis, educators can target to cultivate their moral feelings and emotional life. And to improve moral affection and life affection, we can focus on responsibility and self-improvement affections respectively. To develop emotional intelligence, the most important ability was the ability of understanding others’ emotions.

Keywords decision tree   C4.5 algorithm   college students   affective diatheses  
Received 2017-08-02 Revised 2017-12-21 Online: 2017-11-20 
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Email: lujiamei701@sina.com
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