Psychological Science 2017, 40(6) 1412-1420 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]
Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
PDF(0KB)
[HTML]
Reference
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
Keywords
power sense
social distance
group identity
cooperation,
mediation
Authors
LIU Yao-Zhong
ZHANG Jun-Long
PubMed
Article by Liu,Y.Z
Article by Zhang,J.L

The Impact of Power Sense and Group Identity on Cooperation—Base on the Mediation Role of Social Distance

1,Jun-Long ZHANG

Abstract

Cooperation is a key issue in our human society. There are amounts of studies about influencing factors on cooperation , but rarely about exploring the impact of power directly on cooperation. Therefore, our study focuses on exploring the relationship between power sense and cooperation, and puts forward a regulated intermediary model, to examine the mediation role of social distance and the regulatory effect of group identity. We conduct three studies to test the hypotheses. In study 1, power sense is manipulated through recall task and measured cooperation degree with virtual public goods task to explore the relationship between power and cooperation directly. In study 2, we use role-play paradigm to control the power of participants, and record the cooperation indicator in single-round public goods dilemma, and adopt IOS scale to measure the social distance, examine the mediating role of social distance. In study 3, we manipulate power sense with the same way of study 2,investigate the cooperation in the Prisoner's Dilemma paradigm, and use minimal group paradigm to distinguish group identities, explore the regulatory effect of group identity in this experiment. This paper tells that: (1) the sense of power in the interactive context has negative prediction on the cooperative behavior,there is a significant difference in the cooperation between high and low power in the investment game tasks(t(101)=-2.89,p<0.05,d=0.58); (2) the social distance that individual perceive plays partly intermediary role between power and cooperation. The regression coefficient of power's impact on cooperation is -0.33 (p <0.05) and the regression coefficient of social distance on cooperation is -0.29 (p <0.05), which indicates that the mediating effect is significant .(3)The main effect of power sense on cooperation is significant (P = 1,78) = 14.82, p <0.001, η2 = 0.16, and the high-power(M = 0.39) is significantly lower than that of the low-power group (M = 0.55). The main effect of group identity is also significant, F (1,78) = 62.24, p <0.001, η2 = 0.45; the interaction between power and group identity is significant, F (1,78) = 5.29, p <0.05, η2 = 0.07. The group identity of the interactive object can adjust the relationship of power sense and cooperation . The results show that high-power experience will increase the individual's social distance perception and thus reduce co-operation in interpersonal interaction, group identity can alleviate the phenomenon. This study enriches the empirical research on the field of power behavior effect, explores the inherent mechanism of power influence cooperation, validates and expands the theory of social distance of power, lays the theoretical foundation for the follow-up study, and seeks the mitigation method for regulating this effect. In addition, it can help us to predict the behavioral tendencies of individuals in different situations accurately . Which is of great significance to reconcile the cooperative decision in reality.

Keywords power sense   social distance   group identity   cooperation,   mediation  
Received 2017-07-30 Revised 2017-11-21 Online: 2017-11-20 
DOI:
Fund:
Corresponding Authors: Jun-Long ZHANG
Email: juno_zjl@foxmail.com
About author:

References:
Similar articles
1..The Influence of Peer Acceptance on Personality Development in Primary School Students: Multilevel Mediation Effect of Friendship Quality[J]. Psychological Science, 2012,35(1): 93-99
2..Personality and Shyness: Examining Mediationand Moderation Effects[J]. Psychological Science, 2011,34(4): 889-893
3..The effect of social identity on extreme group behavior: Examination of mediators and moderators[J]. Psychological Science, 2012,35(2): 401-407
4..The Relation between Neuroticism and Life Satisfaction: The Chain Type Mediating Effect of Affect and Self-Esteem[J]. Psychological Science, 2012,35(5): 1254-1260
5..Influences of Perceived Personal and Group Discrimination on Subjective Well-being among Chinese Migrant Children[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(1): 116-121
6.Fang Jie.A Comparison of Analysis of Simple Mediating Effect of Parametric and Nonparametric Bootstrap Method[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(3): 722-727
7.Rui SONG LIU AiShu.Childhood Psychological Maltreatment to Junior High School Students’ Depression: Mediating Roles of Automatic Thoughts[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(4): 855-859
8.Ren-hao Ren Zhong-Lin WEN.The Impact of Supervisor Career Support on Followers’ Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Role of Psychological Capital[J]. Psychological Science, 2014,37(2): 433-437
9..A multiple mediation model:the effect of the authentic leadership on the work engagement[J]. Psychological Science, 2014,37(3): 716-722
10.Shi-Min Chen Fang Jie Shu-Ling GAO SUN PeiZhen.Relationship between Self-enhancing Humor and Life Satisfaction: A Chain Mediation Model through Emotional Well-being and Social Support[J]. Psychological Science, 2014,37(2): 377-382
11..The Influence of Social Support on Sleep Quality: Evidence from Multiple Mediation Model[J]. Psychological Science, 2014,37(6): 1404-1408
12..A Study of Money Priming on the Customers’ Need for Uniqueness[J]. Psychological Science, 2014,37(6): 1461-1466
13..Leave or Stay: The Effect of Risk Perception and Place Identity[J]. Psychological Science, 2015,(2): 355-360
14..The Impact Mechanism of College Students’ Emotional Intelligence and Class Network on Adaptability: A Multilevel Mediation Model[J]. Psychological Science, 2015,(3): 618-624
15.Zhen-Zhou BAO Xue-Fen LAI.Family income and adolescents’ sleep quality: The chain mediating effect of perceived discrimination and self-esteem[J]. Psychological Science, 2016,39(2): 350-356
16..Impact of Peer Behavior and Cooperative Belief on Cooperative Changes in Social Dilemmas[J]. Psychological Science, 2016,39(2): 448-453
17..The Effect of Family Function on Adolescents’ Subjective Well-being[J]. Psychological Science, 2016,39(6): 1406-1412
18..The Effect Mechanism of Stress on College Adaptation among Minority College Students in Han District Colleges[J]. Psychological Science, 2016,39(5): 1157-1163
19.Fang Jie Zhong-Lin WEN.Mediation Analysis of Categorical Variables[J]. Psychological Science, 2017,40(2): 471-477
20..The Effect of Social Distance on Sexual Attribution Bias of Success or Failure[J]. Psychological Science, 2017,40(5): 1222-1227
21..Compensation or Punishment? ——The Effect of Social Distance on Third-party Intervention[J]. Psychological Science, 2017,40(5): 1175-1181

Comment for this article:

Copyright by Psychological Science