Psychological Science 2018, (2) 351-356 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]
Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
PDF(296KB)
[HTML]
Reference
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
Keywords
reading of children
developmental research
eye movement
Authors
YAN Guo-Li
ZHANG Li
LI Sai-Nan
YU Ya-Li
PubMed
Article by Yan,G.L
Article by Zhang,l
Article by Li,S.N
Article by Yu,Y.L

Latest developments on the eye movement study of children’s reading development in foreign countries

Abstract

Recently, eye tracker technology has been extensively used to investigate developmental reading in foreign children,which becomes the hot point in the study of reading domain. This article aimed to summarize the research findings deriving from developmental reading using eye tracking system at abroad. This paper reviewed these achievements which include general reading questions, word processing, text comprehension and relevant theories of reading to reveal the typically developmental characteristics in reading when children grow up. Then, several issues about how to choose statistical analyses, how to screen reading materials as well as consider study designs were discussed to provide guidance for eye movements study of developmental reading in China. A great number of researches in adult reading have made us informed of what happens to their cognitive process during comprehension. However, few investigations about developmental reading in children are conducted. Eye tracking technology can record the eye movements of individuals when reading moment by moment, suggesting how readers fixate upon the information and allocate their attention. Therefore, this method make it convenient to inspect the cognitive mechanism underlying the nature of reading in children. Eye movements in reading can effectively reveal the developmental change about how a novice become a skilled reader. As the age increased, children became more elaborated in reading and their eye movements became more effective. Children tended to show less fixation duration and times, less regressions and higher skipping rate, as well as larger saccade amplitude during reading. Children began to replicate the eye movements characteristics of adult around their 10-11 years old. Reading beginners performed poorly related in reading speed and comprehension. Several studies investigated the reason to suggest that children have limited perceptual span of reading compared to adults. Three western studies in this article found that children can attain the word information in phonology or orthography level from parafoveal region after the second grade. Lexical access level is key to determine the quality of reading. Sub-lexical attributes such as phoneme, morpheme and orthography as well as whole lexical attributes with respect to word frequency and length were include to examine the word processing in children. Young children developed typical phonological knowledge in reading and used it to process words. What’s more, primary students decoded the language in the whole word way. However, the sizes of word frequency and length effects for children were larger than adult readers, which might imply that children identify words in less automatic way than skilled readers, with smaller process unit. When parsing the sentence structure, children could recognize the plausibility of syntax and predict the upcoming objects effectively by using the thematic roles , but were less able to process the pragmatic information as adults did. As a whole, children were less competent to integrate sentence structure and meaning with matured individuals. Referring to comprehending passages, reading tasks modulated the attentional allocation across the text of children.

Keywords reading of children   developmental research   eye movement  
Received 2017-03-19 Revised 2017-12-21 Online: 2018-03-20 
DOI:
Fund:
Corresponding Authors: Guo-Li Yan
Email: psyygl@163.com
About author:

References:
Similar articles
1..Subtitle Preference While Viewing Native Language Movie: The Effect of Sound[J]. Psychological Science, 2012,35(1): 44-49
2..Effect of predictability and space on Chinese reading: An eye movement study[J]. Psychological Science, 2011,34(6): 1282-1288
3..The Influence of punctuations and the context in ambiguity resolution[J]. Psychological Science, 2011,34(6): 1320-1324
4..The eye movement research of OUP effects in different fields of vision[J]. Psychological Science, 2011,34(5): 1072-1078
5..Characters’ Font Size Influence on the Pattern of Eye Movements in Chinese Reading[J]. Psychological Science, 2012,35(4): 836-841
6..Eye Movement Study on Picture-Word Interference in a Delayed Naming Task[J]. Psychological Science, 2012,35(5): 1065-1070
7.Yanju Ren Xiao-Lan FU.Information Distribution Modulates Integration Strategies: Evidence from Eye Movements[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(1): 2-6
8..The effect of Chinese bisyllable supra-segmental information on semantic activation[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(1): 7-13
9.Gan FU Guo-Li Yan.The Perceptual Span of Junior High School Students and Oculomotor activity during the Reading of character or two-character word based Chinese sentences[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(2): 284-289
10.Xiao-Yu HU.The Influence of Semantic Relationship on Parafoveal-on-Foveal Effects[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(2): 311-314
11.Ting-Zhao Wang yanping YANG.An Eye Movement Study on the Effect of Working Memory Load and Shape Distracter on the Attentional Capture of Deaf and Hearing-normal People[J]. Psychological Science, 2013,36(4): 797-801
12.Long SUN CHANG Ruo-Song.Review of Research on Drivers’ Hazard Perception[J]. Psychological Science, 2014,37(6): 1354-1358
13..Experience Advantage of Driver to percept Pedestrian’s Hazard Under Car-following Condition[J]. Psychological Science, 2015,(6): 1340-1346

Comment for this article:

Copyright by Psychological Science