心理科学 2017, 40(6) 1421-1427 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

本期目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索                                                            [打印本页]   [关闭]
社会、人格与管理
扩展功能
本文信息
Supporting info
PDF(500KB)
[HTML全文]
参考文献[PDF]
参考文献
服务与反馈
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
引用本文
Email Alert
文章反馈
浏览反馈信息
本文关键词相关文章
师徒选择
外向性
成就动机
性别一致性
本文作者相关文章
李霞
龙立荣
PubMed
Article by Li,x
Article by Mang,L.R
个体特征因素对师徒之间选择倾向的影响
李霞1,龙立荣2
1. 南开大学
2. 华中科技大学
摘要: 师徒的相互选择过程是师徒关系研究中的一个重要问题。本文采用三个实验探讨了影响师徒相互选择倾向的个体特征因素。实验一和实验二探讨了徒弟选师傅时,师傅的外向性、成就动机水平、管理职务和性别一致性对徒弟选择师傅倾向的影响。实验三探讨了师傅选择徒弟时,徒弟的外向性、成就动机水平和性别一致性对师傅选择徒弟倾向的影响。实验结果表明在徒弟选择师傅时,师傅的外向性、成就动机、管理职务,是影响因素;在师傅选择徒弟时,徒弟的外向性、成就动机水平是影响因素。
关键词师徒选择   外向性   成就动机   性别一致性  
An Empirical Study about intentions to initiate mentoring relationships: understanding the influences of personal characteristics
Li-Rong LONG2
Abstract: Abstract Though the antecedents and outcomes of mentoring relationship have been studied extensively, the initiation stage of mentorship is quite neglected and the empirical research is scarce. The mutual selection between protégés and mentors is an important issue in mentorship initiation studies. This paper devoted to examine the determinants of personal characteristics on potential protégé attraction and potential mentor attraction into a mentorship by three experiments. The first and second experiment examined the influences of mentor’s extraversion, achievement motivation, supervisor role and gender similarity on the protégé’s’ intention of initiation. 241 senior students assumed the role of protégés in a technical college participated in the first experiment in which mentor’s personal characteristics were designed with a mixed-design by 2 (male, female) × 2 (extravert, introvert) × 2 (high achievement motivation, low achievement motivation) × 2 (supervisor, none-supervisor), where the mentor’s supervisor role was a between-subject variable. The results of the first experiment indicated that the influences of mentor’s extraversion and achievement motivation were significant. The protégés had stronger intention to initiate a mentor relationship with those extravert, high achievement motivation mentors. The second experiment, in which 97 undergraduate seniors in a top university participated, had the similar design with the first experiment however the mentor’s supervisor role was treated as an in-subject variable. The outcomes of the second experiment showed that the extravert and supervisor mentor had stronger attraction to the potential protégés. The third experiment studied the protégé’s’ personal characteristics’ influence on mentor’s initiation intention. 262 juniors in a top university were assigned to assume mentor’s role to evaluate 8 profiles of potential protégés. The results indicated that protégé’s’ extraversion had s significant effect on mentor’s initiation intention and mentors prefer those extravert protégés. The main effect of the protégés’ achievement motivation is significant too, but it has interactions with the protégés’ gender and extraversion. The findings were interpreted in light of the strengths and weaknesses of these studies, and suggestions were made for future research focusing on the attraction stage of the mentoring relationship. This study contributes to the mentorship literature in several ways. First, this paper provided a good support of the application of social exchange theory in mentorship area. Second, this research used an experimental design to extend our understanding of the mentor-protégé dyads mutual selection process by controlling extraneous sources of variables and the findings generated in this experiments could be used to inspire more field studies. Third, this study goes further by encompasses both mentors’ and protégés’ perspectives in a same research. At last, while most samples of mentorship initiation are westerners, Chinese subjects in the mainland of this study in can enrich the culture context. Key words mentor-protégé selection, extraversion, achievement motivation, supervisor role, gender similarity
Keywords: mentor-protégé selection   extraversion   achievement motivation   gender similarity  
DOI:
基金项目:

通讯作者: 李霞
作者简介:
作者Email: xialink@126.com

参考文献:
本刊中的类似文章

Copyright by 心理科学