Psychological Science 2018, (2) 447-452 DOI:     ISSN: 0412-1961 CN: 21-1139/TG

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Keywords
Hazard perception
young driver
driving experience
hazard type
eye movements
Authors
XUN Long
CHANG Re-Song
PubMed
Article by Xun,l
Article by Chang,R.S

Hazard Perception in Young Drivers: the Role of Hazard Types

Abstract

Although experienced drivers outperformed novice drivers in several hazard perception studies, little was known about the influencing mechanism of hazard types on young drivers’ hazard perception performance. In this study, 27 young novice drivers and 22 young experienced drivers were asked to complete a hazard perception task, where they were asked to respond quickly when a potential hazard was detected. The hazard in the clips was either an overt hazard with continuous visibility or a covert hazard with interrupted visibility during their materialization. The results revealed that young experienced drivers reacted to covert hazards and overt hazards faster than young novice drivers. The experience-related differences in response latency to overt hazards was due to faster processing after the initial fixation, while experienced-related differences in response latency to covert hazards was due to faster detection rather than differences in processing time. Additionally, hazard types influenced young drivers’ eye movements with overt hazards were significantly fixated more time than covert hazards. These findings provided some implications for the hazard perception test and training for young drivers.

Keywords Hazard perception   young driver   driving experience   hazard type   eye movements  
Received 2017-03-09 Revised 2017-09-04 Online: 2018-03-20 
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Email: changruosong@126.com
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